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Author Topic: festena  (Read 4203 times)


  • Ealdormann
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  • Posts: 620
« on: April 17, 2019, 04:33:13 PM »
I continue to read the Peterborough Chronicle. In 1094 I came across
“ manige festena 7 castelas abræcon”
Castelas is castles, from the French. Presumably Festena comes from Old English fæst- giving something like a secure place. I am wondering about the different case endings.

I looked up festen in Bosworth-Toller and it gave a fastness, fortress, with the only example
Hī manige festena and castelas abrǣcon
Which they translated as “they demolished many fastnesses and castles”.
Was that the only use of this word? Is it more general than castel?