Welcome to the discussion forum of Ða Engliscan Gesiðas for all matters relating to the history, language and culture of Anglo-Saxon England. I hope it will provide a useful source of information, stimulate research, and be of real help. Ða Engliscan Gesiðas (The English Companions) maintains a strictly neutral line on all modern and current political and religious matters and it does not follow any particular interpretation of history. Transgression of this Rule will not be tolerated. Any posts which are perceived as breaking this Rule will be deleted with immediate effect without explanation.

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Anglo-Saxon Discussion / Franks Casket
« Last post by Phyllis on May 20, 2022, 02:11:56 PM »
People might be interested in this article by Dr Alfred Becker about the Franks Casket : Functions of image, rune, number and value and their interrelationships

It's a free download from Researchgate

« Last post by Phyllis on May 11, 2022, 12:35:45 PM »
should all be working now :)
Old English Language / Re: Night and Day
« Last post by John S on May 07, 2022, 07:47:57 AM »
That’s interesting. I wonder why it evolved or changed, then.
Old English Language / Night and Day
« Last post by David on May 06, 2022, 05:16:13 PM »
In Modern English we call the night between Monday and Tuesday, Monday night.
In Old English we call the night between Mōnnandæġ and Tīwesdæġ, Tīwesniht.
Note that in Modern English we confusingly say Monday night whereas Old English says Tīwesniht.
In Modern English the cycle starts at mid night so that at 2 am on Tuesday we call it “early Tuesday morning” although we might still refer to it as Monday night.
In Old English the cycle starts at sunset and goes on until the next sunset. So, at sunset on Mōnnandæġ, Tīwesniht starts and goes on until sunrise when Tīwesdæġe starts.
In Modern English, if you say “tonight” on Tuesday you are referring to Tuesday night, the coming night. However, in Old English, if you say “tōniht” on Tīwesdæġ you are referring to Tīwesniht, the previous night.
This probably explains why Christmas eve comes before Christmas day and new year’s eve comes before new year’s day. This different view of days and nights might explain why we say that a fortnight is fourteen days.
« Last post by David on May 04, 2022, 04:08:42 PM »
Last week I failed to gain access to Carols on the website which I reported to Phyllis but today I manged to gain access. Thank you Phyllis.
The route to the Carols is  Written and Spoken English   Translations from Modern English  and then Fourteen Carols for Christmas. Go down that route and you will find many other gems on the way.
For those who just want to go straight to the carols, this is the link [size=78%]Fourteen Carols for Christmas – Tha Engliscan Gesithas (tha-engliscan-gesithas.org.uk)[/size]

News & Events / Re: Eoforwic: Anglian-era York
« Last post by David on May 02, 2022, 08:42:35 AM »
I have booked in for Alcuin's mathematical puzzles as it seems to be the only one online. I know his river crossing puzzles but it will be interesting to see what else there is.
News & Events / Re: Eoforwic: Anglian-era York
« Last post by Eanflaed on April 29, 2022, 02:23:42 PM »
Looks great - I’ve booked for three of them  ;) . Would have liked to have attended John Blair’s lecture but am booked to show a load of Norwegians round Stamford Bridge (apparently they won’t be armed and are not arriving in ships! ;D ).
General Discussion / Re: AS leaders did not eat mainly meat?
« Last post by Eanflaed on April 29, 2022, 02:19:15 PM »
Very interesting - looking forward to the results from those mortuary chests!
News & Events / Eoforwic: Anglian-era York
« Last post by Phyllis on April 29, 2022, 08:18:20 AM »
There's a cracking line-up at the York Festival of Ideas this year for their Anglian York theme. Most events are available on-line and all are free but you have to register.

There may be other talks of interest as well, outside the Anglian era ones, but this link takes you to the theme itself

News & Events / Swords of Kingdoms: The Staffordshire Hoard at Sutton Hoo
« Last post by Phyllis on April 26, 2022, 04:58:50 PM »

Booking now open for this exhibition -- note the number of items on display is limited but it is an opportunity to see treasures from both collections together.
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