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Author Topic: How to address a nobleman in OE  (Read 4378 times)

Iohannes

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How to address a nobleman in OE
« on: January 20, 2012, 08:54:55 AM »
I'm reading the Saxon novels by Bernard Cornwell all in a row; at the moment I'm reading Sword Song. I noticed that noblemen, kings, lords of war etc are addressed with 'lord' in these novels. I know my question might sound silly, but what's the OE equivalent of this 'lord'? 'Dryhten' (but it seems too restricted to a religious area)? 'Hlaford' (it doesn't seem convinging to me)? Incidentally, in the Italian versions of these novels 'lord' in this sense is translated with 'sire' - same spelling but different pronunciation from the English counterpart.

So, what would be the equivalents of '(mi)lord)' or '(mi)lady' in OE?

Thanks and bye for now

leofwin

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Re: How to address a nobleman in OE
« Reply #1 on: January 20, 2012, 11:30:16 AM »
'hlaford' or 'hlaford min' sound good to me.

possibly 'ealdor' if the idea of sire/senior/elder is required

peter horn

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Re: How to address a nobleman in OE
« Reply #2 on: January 20, 2012, 01:49:25 PM »
Hlaford, earlier hlafweard (guardian of the bread) is the origin of the word Lord. Laverd in ME & used by Geoffrey of Monmouth. B & T gives a number of exanples of use, Hlaford min etc
Ic ∂ær ær wæs
Ic ∂æt ær dyde

Iohannes

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Re: How to address a nobleman in OE
« Reply #3 on: January 26, 2012, 10:56:31 AM »
Heortlice þancie ic inc, hlafordas mine  :D!